A design is usually a blueprint or design for the construction or the modification of an existing object or system, or for the application of such a blueprint or design in the shape of a finished product, or the outcome of this plan or design in the form of some prototype. The word ‘design’ originally referred only to the art of constructing things. It is used now in a more general sense to refer to any structure, image, symbol or other form that may be required for the completion of a certain project. In the engineering field, it usually refers to the creation of such things as prototypes. This article discusses the various types of design and its applications in both engineering and architectural fields.
Designing deals with the processes by which the end product is developed or made. It helps us to understand what exactly needs to be done, how and to what extent, and in what sequence, all of which are determined by the designer. The deep meaning of designing comes from the fact that it is the means to the end, which determines the final product or state of affairs.
A designer usually creates something that is different from reality, but that still satisfies the basic requirements needed for success. For example, in designing a building or a road, the designer must take into account the physical, technological and human resources necessary for completing the project. In engineering, the deep meaning of designing often comes from the fact that it is used to describe the exact way in which something will function. This means that the designer must carefully consider the effect his or her designs will have on the people who will use the thing, and on the environment in which the thing will be used. The deep meaning of designing therefore refers to the careful consideration of all the factors that may affect the success or failure of the delivery.