The 4 Main Components of Design Processes
A design is basically a blueprint or design for the construction or the modification of an object or machine or the end result of which design, especially in the form of some prototype, machine, product or procedure. The word ‘design’ in design therefore, refers to the act of creating something by way of the application of scientific principles in order to arrive at a certain design. The verb in design therefore, refers to the action of designing. For example, you can say ‘My design was so beautiful I wanted to show it to you’. In this sentence, the word ‘was’ immediately implies that there was a time when this particular person had this beautiful design.
Business Processes: Designing is used in most business processes; however, the most common business processes in which designers are engaged are manufacturing and service design. Business processes related to design activity include product design, planning, manufacturing, sales, pricing, advertising, management, information systems, supply chain management, distribution, marketing, etc. All these processes involve the application of certain principles of science, like cost accounting, logistics, decision theory, etc. The need for designing services or products arose because the procedures involved in each process are complex and usually are not very efficient. Therefore, business processes involved in the execution of designs help in reducing costs, improving efficiency and also in increasing profits.
Product Design: Designing is used for product design, which involves the development of the most appropriate and useful products in relation to a particular need. This need could be for safety, aesthetic, functionality, practicality, durability, etc. Many people think product design only deals with the aesthetic aspect of products but, in fact, a product design solution also takes into account other aspects such as functionality, effectiveness, safety, reliability and durability, among others. This is one of the most important principles of science. Hence, a design solution is required for every project irrespective of its nature.